As per decree 817/92 of 26/05/1992, all regulations governing stevedoring and allied activities were abolished and shipowners, terminal operators, stevedoring contractors and the like were given freedom to employ persons of their own choice for the loading and discharging of ships. In practice this has resulted in the following arrangements.
Buenos Aires, Puerto Nuevo
The private terminals employ their own staff, however, outside labor may be employed if so required.
Buenos Aires, Dock Sud
As above for the private terminal at section 1. For vessels operating at section 2, which is under the control of the Provincial Port Administration of South Dock, various stevedoring companies as well as a stevedores cooperative, are recognized by the above entity. The rates and conditions of these companies are held in check by the rates offered by the Puerto Nuevo terminals that deal in similar cargoes, and, in many cases they offer lower rates, which has resulted in ships of a deeper draft than before proceeding to Dock Sud.
At outports such as Rosario, Necochea, Bahía Blanca and elsewhere
Stevedores are usually registered with the Port Authorities or Coastguard, although these bodies presently do not exercise control nor oversee their activities. For the most part, at these ports, the habitual stevedores continue to be employed. Basic rates dating from 1991 are paid and extra payments in the form of danger money, rain or unhealthy money may be paid but productivity bonuses for the most part have disappeared. Minimum gang requirements are not stipulated and a minimum number of wages per month is no longer guaranteed. Overtime is paid at varying rates depending on the port in question (see also individual ports). Social laws and additional charges including insurance coverage vary from port to port but are usually around 150-190% of the basic wage.
Other than at Buenos Aires terminals, these men are usually employed on the basis of one head tally clerk (encargado) on all vessels except tankers, and hatch tally clerks as considered necessary by the stevedoring contractor or the interested parties.
As with stevedores, basic rates are as established prior to deregulation and clerks are paid with regard to the number of shifts they work without a minimum wage guarantee.
On grain loading vessels, unless otherwise stipulated in the CP, the head tally clerk is considered as being for Owner’s account, since his principal activity is to liaise between the Master and Shippers to ensure a satisfactory loading.
In the case of other bulk solids, a head tally clerk will normally be employed and possibly other clerks as well. The position should be checked well beforehand, the responsibility of employment depending on the terms of the charter party and the need of the parties to protect their own interests vis a vis Customs, out-turn quantities, etc.
At Buenos Aires terminals, both Puerto Nuevo and Dock Sud, loading, discharging and ancillary services are controlled by a terminal supervisor and his assistants, the cost of which will be included in the flat rate quoted.